Temporary tooth extraction

We can assume everyone knows children grow a temporary set of teeth, before growing their permanent set. Once born, a child starts growing its temporary set. In a six to seven year period, the change to its permanent set begins. Once the permanent teeth start visibly growing, then the temporary one has to be removed, due to interference of the natural growth of the terminal tooth.

Parents should strictly follow the graphical period scheme below and visit us regularly, in order to follow the process, as well as if it goes smooth or needs additional interference. During the 8 to 10 years of age of the child, it is mandatory the visit of a orthodontic , since it is quite often to observe difficulties in the adequate growth of the teeth. It is potentially the best period to follow an orthodontic treatment.

Cavity (Caries) treatment

The development of cavities is crucial to follow a strict oral hygiene regime, as well as its dietary plan. Parents are advised to demonstrate, more than once if needed, how to brush efficiently their teeth, while having fun. It is crucial for the child to enjoy the process, since they need to follow it twice a day. It should never go to sleep without brushing its teeth.

The dietary plan is also important for the proper development of the child, in an oral perspective. The consumption of sweets should be limited, or monitored. While the consumption of fruits, vegetables and milk is highly recommended.

What does the treatment look like?

Once a cavity has been diagnosed, it needs to be cleaned, using a vibrating machinery. Then the doctor fills the tooth of a white filling.

Innovation at Apex Dental Center Iztok

We, at Apex Dental, are using an innovative laser that cleans a cavity with no vibration, nor touch. The experience is much less stressful for a child.

Pulpitis / Periodontitis

What are pulpitis and periodontitis?

Pulpitis is a developed in cases of pulp infections. A common symptom is a severe night tooth pain. On the other hand, periodontitis is developed when the bone surrounding the tooth root is infected.

Both cases require the penetration of the tooth and its pulp, thus treating the root canals.

Once a cavity is not treated on time, the mentioned forms of infections can be caused. A pulpitis or a periodontisis left untreated may lead to damaging the core of the permanent tooth beneath the surface.

What does the treatment look like?

A local anaesthesia is applied, if the parent allows. Using borers the carious mass is well cleaned while reaching the pulp’s chamber where the root canals start. The root canals are mechanically and chemically treated. An irrigation is done, using different solutions, in order to disinfect and sterilise the canals. After the inflammation is toned down, the root canals are filled and the tooth is ready for a filling.

Silanization of permanent teeth

Silanization is a highly recommended protection method of the newly erupted permanent teeth from risks of developing cavities. The development of a caries is quite easy, due to the low degree of mineralization of the tooth enamel. Thus, silants are an excellent preventive method that protect the newly erupted teeth from tooth decaying.

What is a silant and its benefits?

A silant is a liquid material filling the central groove of the new set of teeth, that when dried and hardened, is polished around the chewing surfaces, which makes the removal of plaque much easier when brushing teeth.

The benefits are:

  • Resistant to moist, friction and shrinkage;
  • The treatment is not invasive;
  • Protects the teeth from developing a caries;
  • The ingredients consist of fluorides, which increase the level of enamel mineralization.

Which is the recommended period for the treatment?

The treatment is recommended to children of age between 6 to 12 years. This is the period that the molars erupt.


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